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After a taxpayer files their Income Tax Return, it shall be processed by the Income Tax Department. If there is any mistake/error/discrepancy noticed in the income tax return filed, then through the income tax notice, it shall be intimated to the assessee.
A notice may be issued for the following reasons:-
Assessing officer is of the opinion that the ITR filed by the assessee is defective. A proper description of the error along with the possible solution is shared by the Assessing officer. 15 days are provided to the assessee to respond to the notice.
If the assessing officer is of the opinion that the income has been concealed or is likely to be concealed then you will receive a notice u/s 131(1A). The notice is an intimation of the initiation of an enquiry or investigation into the matter by the AO. The AO has the power to impound the books of accounts and documents by providing reasons for the same.
A notice of preliminary enquiry is served if the income tax return is not filed on time. Also, if the AO wishes to go through the documentary proof, he may serve this notice for assessment purposes. The time limit to serve this notice is before the end of the relevant assessment year.
If the AO is not satisfied with the response of the assessee or the assessee fails to provide the documents, as explained in the previous point, then you may receive a notice under section 143(2). The time limit to serve the notice is before the end of the six months from the end of the financial year
If the new assessing officer does not agree with the previous assessing officer, then you can expect a notice u/s 148. In other words, even when your assessment has been completed, but still the AO feels that your income has escaped assessment, then a notice u/s 148 can be issued. The assessee may need to file the income tax return for the relevant assessment years.
Generally notice u/s 148 can be issued within 3 years from the end of the relevant assessment year, but if-
a) Income escaped amounts to Rs 1 Lakhs or more, the notice can be issued up to 6 years, from the end of the relevant A.Y.
b) If income relates to foreign assets, then notice can be issued up to 16 years from the date of the relevant assessment year.
(Applicable only till 31/03/2021)
If any penalty, fine, tax or any other amount is due from the taxpayer then notice under section 156 is served. This notice is normally issued after the ITR has been served. The taxpayer will have to pay the amount within 30 days from the date of the notice. No time limit has been prescribed to serve this notice
This notice is issued when the tax demand is adjusted against the tax refund for an assessment year. There is no time limit to serve this notice.
The objective of this write-up is to provide the taxpayers with a basic overview of the various notices issued by the tax department. Some of the sections are a complete subject in themselves.
A common point where taxpayers get confused are the income tax notices and the assessment intimations. If you receive intimation under section 143(1), 147, 143(3) or 144 then these are not income tax notices.
The stepwise process to check the notices issued to you are as follows:-
The income tax department has laid down the law for the service of a notice, summons, orders etc. The following ways in which the notices are issued are given below:-
notice is directly addressed to the individual
Notice can be served through a registered post.
In case the assessee refuses to sign the acknowledgement, a copy of the notice is fixed on the outer door or any other part of the assessee’s residential premise.
In case the HUF is completely dissolved, the notice may be issued on the person who was the manager of the HUF. In case of Firms, notices are issued to the former partners.
In case of proprietorship business, notice is issued to the proprietor. In case of partnership firms or Association of persons, notice is issued to any of the members who have been a part of the firm during discontinuation. In case of a company, the notice will be served on the principal officer or the director.
Ans. Yes, more than one Income tax notice can be issued during the year. For example, you may receive an intimation u/s 143(1) upon which you filed the correct ITR. But later, during the same year you may receive a notice u/s 154 demanding further clarification. Hence, more than one notice may be issued during the year.
Ans. It is suggested that Income tax notices are not ignored. Ignoring the notices may attract penal provisions under the income tax act.
Ans. There is no fixed time limit. It would depend upon several factors like the time taken to process the return, the response by the assessee etc.
Ans. When AO takes the view that the assessee is concealing income in his ITR, then he will receive such a notice. This notice is just an intimation that the AO is initiating the enquiry or investigation.
*(Exclusive of Government fees & taxes)
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